Mohammed is revered by all Muslims as the last and greatest prophet. In Islam, Mohammed is considered the ideal man and final prophet. Mohammed is in no way considered divine, nor is he worshipped, but he is the model for all Muslims concerning how they should conduct themselves. No images of Mohammed are permitted (in order to prevent idolatry). His name actually means “The Praised One.”
Born in AD 570 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Mohammed was a member of the Hashim clan of the powerful Quraysh tribe. During much of Mohammed’s lifetime pagan idol worship abounded in Arabia. An estimated 360 gods and goddesses were adored by the Arabs in Mecca, which was a major centre of idolatry in the region. Muslim historians think that even as a boy Mohammed detested idol worship and lived a morally pure life.
According to Islamic scholars, at the age of 40, Mohammed began to receive revelations and instruction from the archangel Gabriel (Gibrail in Arabic). These revelations formed the basis of the Qur’an. Mohammed proclaimed that his revelations were the final and superior message from the One Supreme God, although at the beginning Mohammed even doubted that he was a prophet. He banned the worship of idols and established civil and religious order in Medina and eventually Mecca. Mohammed died of natural causes in AD 632 in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
His Relations with Jews and Christians
During his life, Mohammed met many people who were at least nominal Christians. He also learned many religious ideas and customs from Jewish clans that were living in the region of Mecca and Medina. Mohammed’s role as prophet was not accepted by the Jews, leading to serious conflict. Jewish and Christian ideas, practices and history are very present in the Qur’an, although they are often quite different.
Mohammed’s non-Qur’anic declarations, his personal habits and actions serve as a guide for all Muslims. The eyewitness accounts and other stories about his life are called Hadiths. The Hadiths help Muslims discern what is good and right.
- Pray that many Muslims would come to know that there is another one who is honoured in heaven and earth and who has a name above all names. May millions come to faith in the Messiah (See Acts 4:12, Philippians 2:10).